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Filter.h

/*
    Copyright (C) 2007 by Robert Knight <robertknight@gmail.com>

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
    02110-1301  USA.
*/

#ifndef FILTER_H
#define FILTER_H

// Qt
#include <QtGui/QAction>
#include <QtCore/QList>
#include <QtCore/QObject>
#include <QtCore/QStringList>
#include <QtCore/QHash>
#include <QtCore/QRegExp>

// Local
#include "Character.h"

namespace Konsole
{

/**
 * A filter processes blocks of text looking for certain patterns (such as URLs or keywords from a list)
 * and marks the areas which match the filter's patterns as 'hotspots'.
 *
 * Each hotspot has a type identifier associated with it ( such as a link or a highlighted section ),
 * and an action.  When the user performs some activity such as a mouse-click in a hotspot area ( the exact
 * action will depend on what is displaying the block of text which the filter is processing ), the hotspot's
 * activate() method should be called.  Depending on the type of hotspot this will trigger a suitable response.
 *
 * For example, if a hotspot represents a URL then a suitable action would be opening that URL in a web browser.
 * Hotspots may have more than one action, in which case the list of actions can be obtained using the 
 * actions() method.
 *
 * Different subclasses of filter will return different types of hotspot.
 * Subclasses must reimplement the process() method to examine a block of text and identify sections of interest.
 * When processing the text they should create instances of Filter::HotSpot subclasses for sections of interest
 * and add them to the filter's list of hotspots using addHotSpot()
 */
00055 class Filter
{
public:
    /**
    * Represents an area of text which matched the pattern a particular filter has been looking for.
    *
    * Each hotspot has a type identifier associated with it ( such as a link or a highlighted section ),
    * and an action.  When the user performs some activity such as a mouse-click in a hotspot area ( the exact
    * action will depend on what is displaying the block of text which the filter is processing ), the hotspot's
    * activate() method should be called.  Depending on the type of hotspot this will trigger a suitable response.
    *
    * For example, if a hotspot represents a URL then a suitable action would be opening that URL in a web browser.
    * Hotspots may have more than one action, in which case the list of actions can be obtained using the 
    * actions() method.  These actions may then be displayed in a popup menu or toolbar for example. 
    */
00070     class HotSpot
    {
    public:
       /** 
        * Constructs a new hotspot which covers the area from (@p startLine,@p startColumn) to (@p endLine,@p endColumn)
        * in a block of text.
        */
       HotSpot(int startLine , int startColumn , int endLine , int endColumn);
       virtual ~HotSpot();

       enum Type
       {
            // the type of the hotspot is not specified
            NotSpecified,
            // this hotspot represents a clickable link
            Link,
            // this hotspot represents a marker
            Marker
       }; 

       /** Returns the line when the hotspot area starts */
       int startLine() const;
       /** Returns the line where the hotspot area ends */
       int endLine() const;
       /** Returns the column on startLine() where the hotspot area starts */
       int startColumn() const;
       /** Returns the column on endLine() where the hotspot area ends */
       int endColumn() const;
       /** 
        * Returns the type of the hotspot.  This is usually used as a hint for views on how to represent
        * the hotspot graphically.  eg.  Link hotspots are typically underlined when the user mouses over them
        */
       Type type() const;
       /** 
        * Causes the an action associated with a hotspot to be triggered. 
        *
        * @param object The object which caused the hotspot to be triggered.  This is
        * typically null ( in which case the default action should be performed ) or
        * one of the objects from the actions() list.  In which case the associated
        * action should be performed. 
        */
       virtual void activate(QObject* object = 0) = 0; 
       /** 
        * Returns a list of actions associated with the hotspot which can be used in a 
        * menu or toolbar 
        */
       virtual QList<QAction*> actions();

       /** 
        * Returns the text of a tooltip to be shown when the mouse moves over the hotspot, or
        * an empty string if there is no tooltip associated with this hotspot.
        *
        * The default implementation returns an empty string. 
        */
       virtual QString tooltip() const;

    protected:
       /** Sets the type of a hotspot.  This should only be set once */
       void setType(Type type);

    private:
       int    _startLine;
       int    _startColumn;
       int    _endLine;
       int    _endColumn;
       Type _type;
    
    };

    /** Constructs a new filter. */
    Filter();
    virtual ~Filter();

    /** Causes the filter to process the block of text currently in its internal buffer */
    virtual void process() = 0;

    /** 
     * Empties the filters internal buffer and resets the line count back to 0.
     * All hotspots are deleted. 
     */
    void reset();

    /** Adds a new line of text to the filter and increments the line count */
    //void addLine(const QString& string);

    /** Returns the hotspot which covers the given @p line and @p column, or 0 if no hotspot covers that area */
    HotSpot* hotSpotAt(int line , int column) const;

    /** Returns the list of hotspots identified by the filter */
    QList<HotSpot*> hotSpots() const;

    /** Returns the list of hotspots identified by the filter which occur on a given line */
    QList<HotSpot*> hotSpotsAtLine(int line) const;

    /** 
     * TODO: Document me
     */
    void setBuffer(const QString* buffer , const QList<int>* linePositions);

protected:
    /** Adds a new hotspot to the list */
    void addHotSpot(HotSpot*);
    /** Returns the internal buffer */
    const QString* buffer();
    /** Converts a character position within buffer() to a line and column */
    void getLineColumn(int position , int& startLine , int& startColumn);

private:
    QMultiHash<int,HotSpot*> _hotspots;
    QList<HotSpot*> _hotspotList;
    
    const QList<int>* _linePositions;
    const QString* _buffer;
};

/** 
 * A filter which searches for sections of text matching a regular expression and creates a new RegExpFilter::HotSpot 
 * instance for them.
 *
 * Subclasses can reimplement newHotSpot() to return custom hotspot types when matches for the regular expression
 * are found. 
 */
00192 class RegExpFilter : public Filter
{
public:
    /** 
     * Type of hotspot created by RegExpFilter.  The capturedTexts() method can be used to find the text
     * matched by the filter's regular expression.
     */
00199     class HotSpot : public Filter::HotSpot
    {
    public:
        HotSpot(int startLine, int startColumn, int endLine , int endColumn);
        virtual void activate(QObject* object = 0);

        /** Sets the captured texts associated with this hotspot */
        void setCapturedTexts(const QStringList& texts);
        /** Returns the texts found by the filter when matching the filter's regular expression */
        QStringList capturedTexts() const;
    private:
        QStringList _capturedTexts;
    };

    /** Constructs a new regular expression filter */
    RegExpFilter();

    /** 
     * Sets the regular expression which the filter searches for in blocks of text. 
     *
     * Regular expressions which match the empty string are treated as not matching
     * anything. 
     */
    void setRegExp(const QRegExp& text);
    /** Returns the regular expression which the filter searches for in blocks of text */
    QRegExp regExp() const;

    /** 
     * Reimplemented to search the filter's text buffer for text matching regExp() 
     *
     * If regexp matches the empty string, then process() will return immediately
     * without finding results. 
     */
    virtual void process();

protected:
    /** 
     * Called when a match for the regular expression is encountered.  Subclasses should reimplement this
     * to return custom hotspot types
     */
    virtual RegExpFilter::HotSpot* newHotSpot(int startLine,int startColumn,
                                    int endLine,int endColumn);

private:
    QRegExp _searchText;
};

class FilterObject;

/** A filter which matches URLs in blocks of text */
00249 class UrlFilter : public RegExpFilter 
{
public:
    /** 
     * Hotspot type created by UrlFilter instances.  The activate() method opens a web browser 
     * at the given URL when called.
     */
00256     class HotSpot : public RegExpFilter::HotSpot 
    {
    public:
        HotSpot(int startLine,int startColumn,int endLine,int endColumn);
        virtual ~HotSpot();

        virtual QList<QAction*> actions();

        /** 
         * Open a web browser at the current URL.  The url itself can be determined using
         * the capturedTexts() method.
         */
        virtual void activate(QObject* object = 0);

        virtual QString tooltip() const;
    private:
        enum UrlType
        {
            StandardUrl,
            Email,
            Unknown
        };
        UrlType urlType() const;

        FilterObject* _urlObject;
    };

    UrlFilter();

protected:
    virtual RegExpFilter::HotSpot* newHotSpot(int,int,int,int);

private:
    
    static const QRegExp FullUrlRegExp;
    static const QRegExp EmailAddressRegExp;

    // combined OR of FullUrlRegExp and EmailAddressRegExp
    static const QRegExp CompleteUrlRegExp; 
};

class FilterObject : public QObject
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
    FilterObject(Filter::HotSpot* filter) : _filter(filter) {}
private slots:
    void activated();
private:
    Filter::HotSpot* _filter;
};

/** 
 * A chain which allows a group of filters to be processed as one. 
 * The chain owns the filters added to it and deletes them when the chain itself is destroyed.
 *
 * Use addFilter() to add a new filter to the chain.  
 * When new text to be filtered arrives, use addLine() to add each additional
 * line of text which needs to be processed and then after adding the last line, use
 * process() to cause each filter in the chain to process the text.
 *
 * After processing a block of text, the reset() method can be used to set the filter chain's
 * internal cursor back to the first line.
 *
 * The hotSpotAt() method will return the first hotspot which covers a given position.
 *
 * The hotSpots() and hotSpotsAtLine() method return all of the hotspots in the text and on
 * a given line respectively.
 */
00325 class FilterChain : protected QList<Filter*>
{
public:
    virtual ~FilterChain();

    /** Adds a new filter to the chain.  The chain will delete this filter when it is destroyed */
    void addFilter(Filter* filter);
    /** Removes a filter from the chain.  The chain will no longer delete the filter when destroyed */
    void removeFilter(Filter* filter);
    /** Returns true if the chain contains @p filter */
    bool containsFilter(Filter* filter);
    /** Removes all filters from the chain */
    void clear();

    /** Resets each filter in the chain */
    void reset();
    /**
     * Processes each filter in the chain 
     */
    void process();

    /** Sets the buffer for each filter in the chain to process. */
    void setBuffer(const QString* buffer , const QList<int>* linePositions); 

    /** Returns the first hotspot which occurs at @p line, @p column or 0 if no hotspot was found */
    Filter::HotSpot* hotSpotAt(int line , int column) const;
    /** Returns a list of all the hotspots in all the chain's filters */
    QList<Filter::HotSpot*> hotSpots() const;
    /** Returns a list of all hotspots at the given line in all the chain's filters */
    QList<Filter::HotSpot> hotSpotsAtLine(int line) const;

};

/** A filter chain which processes character images from terminal displays */
00359 class TerminalImageFilterChain : public FilterChain
{
public:
    TerminalImageFilterChain();
    virtual ~TerminalImageFilterChain();

    /**
     * Set the current terminal image to @p image.
     *
     * @param image The terminal image
     * @param lines The number of lines in the terminal image
     * @param columns The number of columns in the terminal image
     */
    void setImage(const Character* const image , int lines , int columns,
                          const QVector<LineProperty>& lineProperties);  

private:
    QString* _buffer;
    QList<int>* _linePositions;
};

}
#endif //FILTER_H

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